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Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners - 49-9063.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Piano Tuner
  • Piano Technician
  • Luthier
  • Banjo Repair Person
  • Fretted String Instrument Repairer
  • Guitar Builder
  • Guitar Repairer
  • Mandolin Repair Person
  • Stringed Instrument Repairer
  • Band Instrument Repair Technician

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Adjust felt hammers on pianos to increase tonal mellowness or brilliance, using sanding paddles, lacquer, or needles.
  • Adjust lips, reeds, or toe holes of organ pipes to regulate airflow and loudness of sound, using hand tools.
  • Adjust string tensions to tune instruments, using hand tools and electronic tuning devices.
  • Align pads and keys on reed or wind instruments.
  • Assemble and install new pipe organs and pianos in buildings.
  • Assemble bars onto percussion instruments.
  • Clean, sand, and paint parts of percussion instruments to maintain their condition.
  • Compare instrument pitches with tuning tool pitches in order to tune instruments.
  • Cut new drumheads from animal skins, using scissors, and soak drumheads in water to make them pliable.
  • Cut out sections around cracks on percussion instruments to prevent cracks from advancing, using shears or grinding wheels.
  • Deliver pianos to purchasers or to locations where they are to be used.
  • Disassemble instruments and parts for repair and adjustment.
  • File metal reeds until their pitches correspond with standard tuning bar pitches.
  • Inspect instruments to locate defects, and to determine their value or the level of restoration required.
  • Make wood replacement parts, using woodworking machines and hand tools.
  • Mix and measure glue that will be used for instrument repair.
  • Place rim hoops back onto drum shells to allow new drumheads to dry and become taut.
  • Play instruments to evaluate their sound quality and to locate any defects.
  • Polish instruments, using rags and polishing compounds, buffing wheels, or burnishing tools.
  • Reassemble instruments following repair, using hand tools and power tools and glue, hair, yarn, resin, or clamps, and lubricate instruments as necessary.
  • Refinish and polish piano cabinets or cases to prepare them for sale.
  • Refinish instruments to protect and decorate them, using hand tools, buffing tools, and varnish.
  • Remove dents and burrs from metal instruments, using mallets and burnishing tools.
  • Remove drumheads by removing tension rods with drum keys and cutting tools.
  • Remove irregularities from tuning pins, strings, and hammers of pianos, using wood blocks or filing tools.
  • Remove material from bars of percussion instruments to obtain specified tones, using bandsaws, sanding machines, machine grinders, or hand files and scrapers.
  • Repair breaks in percussion instruments such as drums and cymbals, using drill presses, power saws, glue, clamps, grinding wheels, or other hand tools.
  • Repair cracks in wood or metal instruments, using pinning wire, lathes, fillers, clamps, or soldering irons.
  • Repair or replace musical instrument parts and components, such as strings, bridges, felts, and keys, using hand and power tools.
  • Replace xylophone bars and wheels.
  • Shape old parts and replacement parts to improve tone or intonation, using hand tools, lathes, or soldering irons.
  • Solder or weld frames of mallet instruments and metal drum parts.
  • Solder posts and parts to hold them in their proper places.
  • Stretch drumheads over rim hoops and tuck them around and under the hoops, using hand tucking tools.
  • Strike wood, fiberglass, or metal bars of instruments, and use tuned blocks, stroboscopes, or electronic tuners to evaluate tones made by instruments.
  • String instruments, and adjust trusses and bridges of instruments to obtain specified string tensions and heights.
  • Test tubes and pickups in electronic amplifier units, and solder parts and connections as necessary.
  • Travel to locations such as churches and concert halls to work on pipe-organs.
  • Wash metal instruments in lacquer-stripping and cyanide solutions in order to remove lacquer and tarnish.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
  • Adjust tuning or functioning of musical instruments.
  • Align equipment or machinery.
  • Assemble mechanical components or machine parts.
  • Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
  • Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
  • Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
  • Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
  • Operate welding equipment.
  • Paint surfaces or equipment.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions to be used for repairs.
  • Reassemble equipment after repair.
  • Refinish wood or metal surfaces.
  • Remove dents from equipment, materials, tools or structures.
  • Remove parts or components from equipment.
  • Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
  • Smooth surfaces of objects or equipment.
  • Solder parts or connections between parts.
  • Test electrical circuits or components for proper functioning.
  • Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
  • Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Instrument Repair Technician (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • LDO - Bandmaster (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Fretted-Instrument Repairer
  • Piano Technician
  • Piano Tuner
  • Pipe-Organ Tuner and Repairer
  • Wind-Instrument Repairer

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Accordion Repairer
  • Accordion Tuner
  • Bow Rehairer
  • Chip Tuner
  • Fretted-Instrument Repairer
  • Harp Regulator
  • Metal-Reed Tuner
  • Organ-Pipe Voicer
  • Percussion-Instrument Repairer
  • Piano Regulator-Inspector
  • Piano Technician
  • Piano Tuner
  • Pipe-Organ Tuner and Repairer
  • Tone Regulator
  • Tuner, Percussion
  • Violin Repairer
  • Wind-Instrument Repairer