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Atmospheric and Space Scientists - 19-2021.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data, gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Includes weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of meteorology.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Broadcast Meteorologist
  • Chief Meteorologist
  • Forecaster
  • General Forecaster
  • Hydrometeorological Technician
  • Meteorologist
  • Meteorologist-in-Charge
  • Science and Operations Officer (SOO)
  • Warning Coordination Meteorologist
  • Weather Forecaster

SOC Occupation Groups

19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
19-2000 Physical Scientists
19-2020 Atmospheric and Space Scientists
19-2021.00 Atmospheric and Space Scientists

Related Occupations


  • Analyze climate data sets, using techniques such as geophysical fluid dynamics, data assimilation, or numerical modeling.
  • Analyze historical climate information, such as precipitation or temperature records, to help predict future weather or climate trends.
  • Apply meteorological knowledge to issues such as global warming, pollution control, or ozone depletion.
  • Broadcast weather conditions, forecasts, or severe weather warnings to the public via television, radio, or the Internet or provide this information to the news media.
  • Collect air samples from planes or ships over land or sea to study atmospheric composition.
  • Conduct meteorological research into the processes or determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather, or climate.
  • Conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions to understand and predict global or regional weather patterns.
  • Conduct wind assessment, integration, or validation studies.
  • Consult with other offices, agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information for weather predictions and warnings.
  • Create visualizations to illustrate historical or future changes in the Earth's climate, using paleoclimate or climate geographic information systems (GIS) databases.
  • Design or develop new equipment or methods for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or related applications.
  • Develop or use mathematical or computer models for weather forecasting.
  • Direct forecasting services at weather stations or at radio or television broadcasting facilities.
  • Estimate or predict the effects of global warming over time for specific geographic regions.
  • Formulate predictions by interpreting environmental data, such as meteorological, atmospheric, oceanic, paleoclimate, climate, or related information.
  • Gather data from sources such as surface or upper air stations, satellites, weather bureaus, or radar for use in meteorological reports or forecasts.
  • Interpret data, reports, maps, photographs, or charts to predict long- or short-range weather conditions, using computer models and knowledge of climate theory, physics, and mathematics.
  • Measure wind, temperature, and humidity in the upper atmosphere, using weather balloons.
  • Perform managerial duties, such as creating work schedules, creating or implementing staff training, matching staff expertise to situations, or analyzing performance of offices.
  • Prepare forecasts or briefings to meet the needs of industry, business, government, or other groups.
  • Prepare scientific atmospheric or climate reports, articles, or texts.
  • Prepare weather reports or maps for analysis, distribution, or use in weather broadcasts, using computer graphics.
  • Research the impact of industrial projects or pollution on climate, air quality, or weather phenomena.
  • Teach college-level courses on topics such as atmospheric and space science, meteorology, or global climate change.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Apply knowledge or research findings to address environmental problems.
  • Collaborate on research activities with scientists or technical specialists.
  • Collect environmental data or samples.
  • Conduct climatological research.
  • Create images or other visual displays.
  • Develop environmental research methods.
  • Develop mathematical models of environmental conditions.
  • Develop theories or models of physical phenomena.
  • Direct technical activities or operations.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Interpret research or operational data.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
  • Prepare research or technical reports on environmental issues.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Provide technical information or assistance to public.
  • Research environmental impact of industrial or development activities.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Aerographer's Mate (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Analyst-Forecaster (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Basic Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Marine (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Field Artillery Operations Man (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Field Artillery Sensor Support Man (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember (Army - Enlisted)
  • LDO - Meteorology/Oceanography (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Meteorological and Oceanographic Manager (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Meteorological and Oceanographic Technician (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Meteorological Forecaster (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Analyst Forecaster (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Impacts Analyst (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Services Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography Watch Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Oceanographic Forecaster (Navy - Enlisted)
  • RL - Special Duty Officer (Oceanography) (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Space Operations Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Special Operations Weather Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Operations Weather Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Staff Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Weather Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Weather Craftsman, Advanced Battlefield Airman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Weather Craftsman, Battlefield Airman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Weather Craftsman, Forecaster (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Weather Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Meteorologist

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Meteorologist