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Architectural and Civil Drafters - 17-3011.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

No information available.

SOC Occupation Groups

17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians
17-3010 Drafters
17-3011.00 Architectural and Civil Drafters

Related Occupations


  • Analyze building codes, by-laws, space and site requirements, and other technical documents and reports to determine their effect on architectural designs.
  • Calculate excavation tonnage and prepare graphs and fill-hauling diagrams for use in earth-moving operations.
  • Calculate heat loss and gain of buildings and structures to determine required equipment specifications, following standard procedures.
  • Calculate weights, volumes, and stress factors and their implications for technical aspects of designs.
  • Check dimensions of materials to be used and assign numbers to lists of materials.
  • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.
  • Correlate, interpret, and modify data obtained from topographical surveys, well logs, and geophysical prospecting reports.
  • Create freehand drawings and lettering to accompany drawings.
  • Determine procedures and instructions to be followed, according to design specifications and quantity of required materials.
  • Determine quality, cost, strength, and quantity of required materials, and enter figures on materials lists.
  • Determine the order of work and method of presentation, such as orthographic or isometric drawing.
  • Draft plans and detailed drawings for structures, installations, and construction projects, such as highways, sewage disposal systems, and dikes, working from sketches or notes.
  • Draw maps, diagrams, and profiles, using cross-sections and surveys, to represent elevations, topographical contours, subsurface formations, and structures.
  • Draw rough and detailed scale plans for foundations, buildings, and structures, based on preliminary concepts, sketches, engineering calculations, specification sheets, and other data.
  • Explain drawings to production or construction teams and provide adjustments as necessary.
  • Finish and duplicate drawings and documentation packages according to required mediums and specifications for reproduction, using blueprinting, photography, or other duplicating methods.
  • Lay out and plan interior room arrangements for commercial buildings, using computer-assisted drafting (CAD) equipment and software.
  • Locate and identify symbols on topographical surveys to denote geological and geophysical formations or oil field installations.
  • Obtain and assemble data to complete architectural designs, visiting job sites to compile measurements as necessary.
  • Plot characteristics of boreholes for oil and gas wells from photographic subsurface survey recordings and other data, representing depth, degree, and direction of inclination.
  • Prepare colored drawings of landscape and interior designs for presentation to client.
  • Prepare cost estimates, contracts, bidding documents, and technical reports for specific projects under an architect's or engineer's supervision.
  • Produce drawings, using computer-assisted drafting systems (CAD) or drafting machines, or by hand, using compasses, dividers, protractors, triangles, and other drafting devices.
  • Represent architect or engineer on construction site, ensuring builder compliance with design specifications and advising on design corrections, under supervision.
  • Reproduce drawings on copy machines or trace copies of plans and drawings, using transparent paper or cloth, ink, pencil, and standard drafting instruments.
  • Review rough sketches, drawings, specifications, and other engineering data to ensure that they conform to design concepts.
  • Supervise and train other technologists, technicians, and drafters.
  • Supervise or conduct field surveys, inspections, or technical investigations to obtain data required to revise construction drawings.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze costs and benefits of proposed designs or projects.
  • Analyze operational data to evaluate operations, processes or products.
  • Collect data about project sites.
  • Create graphical representations of civil structures.
  • Create graphical representations of energy production systems.
  • Create graphical representations of structures or landscapes.
  • Create maps.
  • Determine operational methods.
  • Estimate operational costs.
  • Estimate technical or resource requirements for development or production projects.
  • Evaluate designs or specifications to ensure quality.
  • Evaluate technical data to determine effect on designs or plans.
  • Explain engineering drawings, specifications, or other technical information.
  • Monitor processes for compliance with standards.
  • Prepare contracts, disclosures, or applications.
  • Prepare detailed work plans.
  • Prepare procedural documents.
  • Prepare technical reports for internal use.
  • Provide technical guidance to other personnel.
  • Recommend technical design or process changes to improve efficiency, quality, or performance.
  • Review details of technical drawings or specifications.
  • Review technical documents to plan work.
  • Supervise engineering or other technical personnel.
  • Survey land or bodies of water to measure or determine features.
  • Verify mathematical calculations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Construction Engineering Supervisor (Army - Enlisted)
  • Construction Engineering Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Engineer Assistant (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Engineering (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Aid (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Engineering Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Machinery Technician (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Technical Engineer (Army - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Drafter, Architectural
  • Drafter, Civil
  • Drafter, Commercial
  • Drafter, Heating and Ventilat
  • Drafter, Plumbing
  • Drafter, Structural

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Drafter, Architectural
  • Drafter, Assistant
  • Drafter, Civil
  • Drafter, Commercial
  • Drafter, Directional Survey
  • Drafter, Geological
  • Drafter, Geophysical
  • Drafter, Heating and Ventilating
  • Drafter, Landscape
  • Drafter, Marine
  • Drafter, Oil and Gas
  • Drafter, Plumbing
  • Drafter, Structural