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Biochemists and Biophysicists - 19-1021.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Study the chemical composition or physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Analytical Research Chemist
  • Chief Scientific Officer
  • Director of the Biophysics Facility
  • Laboratory Director
  • Professor of Physics/Researcher in Biophysics
  • Research Assistant
  • Research Associate
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientist

SOC Occupation Groups

19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
19-1000 Life Scientists
19-1020 Biological Scientists
19-1021.00 Biochemists and Biophysicists

Related Occupations


  • Design or build laboratory equipment needed for special research projects.
  • Design or perform experiments with equipment such as lasers, accelerators, or mass spectrometers.
  • Determine the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules.
  • Develop methods to process, store, or use foods, drugs, or chemical compounds.
  • Develop new methods to study the mechanisms of biological processes.
  • Develop or execute tests to detect diseases, genetic disorders, or other abnormalities.
  • Develop or test new drugs or medications intended for commercial distribution.
  • Examine the molecular or chemical aspects of immune system functioning.
  • Investigate the nature, composition, or expression of genes or research how genetic engineering can impact these processes.
  • Isolate, analyze, or synthesize vitamins, hormones, allergens, minerals, or enzymes and determine their effects on body functions.
  • Manage laboratory teams or monitor the quality of a team's work.
  • Prepare pharmaceutical compounds for commercial distribution.
  • Prepare reports or recommendations, based upon research outcomes.
  • Produce pharmaceutically or industrially useful proteins, using recombinant DNA technology.
  • Research how characteristics of plants or animals are carried through successive generations.
  • Research the chemical effects of substances, such as drugs, serums, hormones, or food, on tissues or vital processes.
  • Research transformations of substances in cells, using atomic isotopes.
  • Share research findings by writing scientific articles or by making presentations at scientific conferences.
  • Study physical principles of living cells or organisms and their electrical or mechanical energy, applying methods and knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemistry, or biology.
  • Study spatial configurations of submicroscopic molecules, such as proteins, using x-rays or electron microscopes.
  • Study the chemistry of living processes, such as cell development, breathing and digestion, or living energy changes, such as growth, aging, or death.
  • Study the mutations in organisms that lead to cancer or other diseases.
  • Teach or advise undergraduate or graduate students or supervise their research.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze biological samples.
  • Develop biological research methods.
  • Develop new or advanced products or production methods.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Prepare compounds or solutions for products or testing.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Research diseases or parasites.
  • Research genetic characteristics or expression.
  • Research methods to improve food products.
  • Research microbiological or chemical processes or structures.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Aerospace and Operational Physiologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Biochemist (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Biochemist (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Biochemistry (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Biomedical Laboratory (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Biomedical Laboratory, Clinical Chemistry (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Physiologist (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Biochemist
  • Biophysicist
  • Staff Toxicologist
  • Toxicologist