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Biologists - 19-1029.04

O*NET-SOC Description

Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Aquatic Scientist
  • Biological Scientist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Horticulturist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Research Biologist
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientist

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Collect and analyze biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.
  • Communicate test results to state and federal representatives and general public.
  • Develop and maintain liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.
  • Develop methods and apparatus for securing representative plant, animal, aquatic, or soil samples.
  • Develop pest management and control measures, and conduct risk assessments related to pest exclusion, using scientific methods.
  • Identify, classify, and study structure, behavior, ecology, physiology, nutrition, culture, and distribution of plant and animal species.
  • Measure salinity, acidity, light, oxygen content, and other physical conditions of water to determine their relationship to aquatic life.
  • Plan and administer biological research programs for government, research firms, medical industries, or manufacturing firms.
  • Prepare plans for management of renewable resources.
  • Prepare requests for proposals or statements of work.
  • Prepare technical and research reports, such as environmental impact reports, and communicate the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.
  • Program and use computers to store, process, and analyze data.
  • Represent employer in a technical capacity at conferences.
  • Research environmental effects of present and potential uses of land and water areas, determining methods of improving environmental conditions or such outputs as crop yields.
  • Review reports and proposals, such as those relating to land use classifications and recreational development, for accuracy, adequacy, or adherence to policies, regulations, or scientific standards.
  • Study and manage wild animal populations.
  • Study aquatic plants and animals and environmental conditions affecting them, such as radioactivity or pollution.
  • Study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and function.
  • Study reactions of plants, animals, and marine species to parasites.
  • Supervise biological technicians and technologists and other scientists.
  • Teach or supervise students and perform research at universities and colleges.
  • Write grant proposals to obtain funding for biological research.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Analyze chemical compounds or substances.
  • Classify organisms based on their characteristics or behavior.
  • Collect environmental data or samples.
  • Communicate results of environmental research.
  • Communicate with government agencies.
  • Conduct research of processes in natural or industrial ecosystems.
  • Develop biological research methods.
  • Develop collaborative relationships between departments or with external organizations.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
  • Examine characteristics or behavior of living organisms.
  • Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
  • Plan biological research.
  • Prepare proposal documents or grant applications.
  • Prepare research or technical reports on environmental issues.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Provide technical information or assistance to public.
  • Research diseases or parasites.
  • Research environmental impact of industrial or development activities.
  • Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation.
  • Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
  • Write grant proposals.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Aerospace and Operational Physiologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Entomologist (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Entomology (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Microbiology (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Veterinary Biomedical Scientist (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Veterinary Corps Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Biologist
  • Cytologist
  • Mycologist
  • Nematologist
  • Physiologist