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Geographers - 19-3092.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA)
  • GIS Geographer (Geographic Information Systems Geographer)
  • GIS Physical Scientist (Geographic Information Systems Physical Scientist)
  • Scientist
  • Supervisory Geographer

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Analyze geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
  • Collect data on physical characteristics of specified areas, such as geological formations, climates, and vegetation, using surveying or meteorological equipment.
  • Conduct field work at outdoor sites.
  • Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography, such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
  • Develop, operate, and maintain geographical information computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
  • Gather and compile geographic data from sources such as censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
  • Locate and obtain existing geographic information databases.
  • Provide consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
  • Provide geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.
  • Study the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
  • Teach geography.
  • Write and present reports of research findings.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Advise others on business or operational matters.
  • Collect archival data.
  • Collect geographical or geological field data.
  • Compile geographic or related data.
  • Conduct anthropological or archaeological research.
  • Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use.
  • Instruct college students in social sciences or humanities disciplines.
  • Prepare maps.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • All Source Intelligence Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Counterintelligence/Human Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • CWO - Oceanography Warrant Officer (Navy - Warrant Officer only)
  • Geospatial Engineer (Army - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Apprentice, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Craftsman, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Helper, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Journeyman, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • LDO - Meteorology/Oceanography (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Analyst Forecaster (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • RL - Special Duty Officer (Oceanography) (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Targeting Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Craftsman, Targeteer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Journeyman, Targeteer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Geographer
  • Geographer, Physical