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Geographers - 19-3092.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Earth Observations Scientist
  • Geographer
  • GIS Geographer (Geographic Information Systems Geographer)
  • GIS Physical Scientist (Geographic Information Systems Physical Scientist)
  • Scientist

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations

Tasks

  • Analyze geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
  • Collect data on physical characteristics of specified areas, such as geological formations, climates, and vegetation, using surveying or meteorological equipment.
  • Conduct field work at outdoor sites.
  • Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography, such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
  • Develop, operate, and maintain geographical information computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
  • Gather and compile geographic data from sources such as censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
  • Locate and obtain existing geographic information databases.
  • Provide consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
  • Provide geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.
  • Study the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
  • Teach geography.
  • Write and present reports of research findings.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Advise others on business or operational matters.
  • Collect archival data.
  • Collect geographical or geological field data.
  • Compile geographic or related data.
  • Conduct anthropological or archaeological research.
  • Develop software or applications for scientific or technical use.
  • Instruct college students in social sciences or humanities disciplines.
  • Prepare maps.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Advanced Strike and Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) Mensuration Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Advisor (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Advisor (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Air Intelligence Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • All Source Intelligence (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Analyst Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • All Source Intelligence Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Antisubmarine Warfare Intelligence Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • AOC Chief of Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance Division (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • AOC Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance Division Member (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • AOC Senior Intelligence Duty Officer (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Area Intelligence Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Attaché Intelligence Operations Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Basic Foreign Area Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Billet Designator-Political Military Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Civil Affairs (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Civil Affairs Noncommissioned Officer (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Civil Affairs Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Civil Affairs Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Civil Affairs Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Civil Affairs Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Civil-Military Operations (CMO) Chief (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Collection Management Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Collection Manager (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Counter Intelligence Agent (Army - Enlisted)
  • Counter-Intelligence Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Counterintelligence/Human Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Counterintelligence/Human Source Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Operations Officer (Marine Corps - Warrant Officer only)
  • Counterintelligence/Human Source Intelligence Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • CWO - Oceanography Warrant Officer (Navy - Warrant Officer only)
  • Cyber Threat Intelligence Analyst Course (CTIAC) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Expeditionary Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO) (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), ABM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), AFRICOM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Airlift (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Bomber (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), C2ISREW (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), CENTCOM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), EUCOM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Fighter (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), General (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Generalist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Helicopter or EWO (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), INDOPACOM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), RPA (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), SOUTHCOM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Special Operations (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Tanker (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer (FAO), Trainer (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer - Africa (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer - Europe (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer - Middle East (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer - Northeast Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer - Southeast Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer-Eurasia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer-Latin America (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Officer-South Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer Basic/In-Training Foreign Area (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Africa (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Eurasia (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Europe (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Latin America (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Middle East (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Northeast Asia (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-South Asia (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Area Staff Non-Commissioned Officer-Southeast Asia (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Foreign Disclosure Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Fusion Analysis Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geographic Area Intelligence Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Geographic Intelligence Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Engineer (Army - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Engineering Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Geospatial Information and Services (GIandS) Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Geospatial Intelligence (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Apprentice, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Craftsman, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Helper, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Imagery Analyst (Army - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Imagery Technician (Army - Warrant Officer only)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Journeyman, Imagery Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Geospatial Intelligence Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Ground Intelligence Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Head of Naval Mission (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Human Intelligence (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • HUMINT Management (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Imagery Exploitation Management (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence (Coast Guard - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst (Army - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Apprentice, Cryptologic Analysis and Reporting (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Apprentice, Cyber Intelligence Analysis (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Craftsman, Cryptologic Analysis and Reporting (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Craftsman, Cyber Intelligence Analysis (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Helper, Cryptologic Analysis and Reporting (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Helper, Cyber Intelligence Analysis (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Journeyman, Cryptologic Analysis and Reporting (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Analyst Journeyman, Cyber Intelligence Analysis (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Chief (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Investigations Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence Officer, Basic (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Operations and Fusion Warrant Officer (Marine Corps - Warrant Officer only)
  • Intelligence Organization Management (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Planner (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Senior Sergeant (Army - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (IS) "A" School (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence Staff (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Support to CNO/CYBER (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Tactics Instructor (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Intelligence Tactics Instructor (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Intelligence, ABM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Airlift (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Bomber (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, C2ISREW (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Fighter (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, General (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Helicopter or EWO (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, RPA (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Special Operations (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Tanker (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Intelligence, Trainer (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • International Affairs Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • ISR Management (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • ISR Management, Operational/Strategic (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Joint Special Warfare Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Joint Targeting Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Joint Targeting School (JTS) Graduate (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Journeyman Analysis and Reporting Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Language and Culture Advisor (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Language Officer (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • LDO - Meteorology/Oceanography (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Intelligence Planner (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Analyst Forecaster (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Military Intelligence Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Naval Attache (Assistant) (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Navy Special Warfare Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Navy Tactical Counter-Intelligence and Human Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Operational Advisor (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Operational Advisor (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Operational Intelligence (OPINTEL) Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Operational Intelligence Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Operational Intelligence Officer (Analyst) (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Operational Intelligence Officer (General) (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Operational Intelligence Officer (Management) (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS) (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), ABM (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Airlift (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Bomber (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), C2ISREW (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Fighter (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), General (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Helicopter or EWO (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), RPA (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Special Operations (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Tanker (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Political-Military Affairs Strategist (PAS), Trainer (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychological Operations (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychological Operations Officer (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Red Team Member (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Africa (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Eurasia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Europe (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Middle East (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Northeast Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - South Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer - Southeast Asia (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Regional Affairs Officer-Latin America (Marine Corps - Commissioned Officer only)
  • RL - Special Duty Officer (Oceanography) (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Security Intelligence Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Senior Intelligence Program Management (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Staff Theater Security Cooperation Officer (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Strategic Intelligence Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Strike Warfare Intelligence Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Operations Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Tactical Targeting Intelligence (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Target Development Analyst (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Craftsman, Targeteer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Journeyman, Targeteer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Targeting Analyst Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • U.S. Navy (USN) Targeting Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Weapons and Tactics Instructor (WTI) Intelligence Marine (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Weapons and Tactics Instructor (WTI) Intelligence Officer (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Geographer
  • Geographer, Physical