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Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining - 47-5022.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Operate or tend machinery at surface mining site, equipped with scoops, shovels, or buckets to excavate and load loose materials.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Backhoe Operator
  • Dragline Oiler
  • Dragline Operator
  • Equipment Operator
  • Excavator Operator
  • Heavy Equipment Operator
  • Loader Operator
  • Pit Operator
  • Track Hoe Operator

SOC Occupation Groups

47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations
47-5000 Extraction Workers
47-5020 Surface Mining Machine Operators and Earth Drillers
47-5022.00 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining

Related Occupations


  • Adjust dig face angles for varying overburden depths and set lengths.
  • Become familiar with digging plans, machine capabilities and limitations, and efficient and safe digging procedures in a given application.
  • Create or maintain inclines or ramps.
  • Direct ground workers engaged in activities such as moving stakes or markers, or changing positions of towers.
  • Direct workers engaged in placing blocks or outriggers to prevent capsizing of machines when lifting heavy loads.
  • Drive machines to work sites.
  • Handle slides, mud, or pit cleanings or maintenance.
  • Lubricate, adjust, or repair machinery and replace parts, such as gears, bearings, or bucket teeth.
  • Measure and verify levels of rock or gravel, bases, or other excavated material.
  • Move levers, depress foot pedals, and turn dials to operate power machinery, such as power shovels, stripping shovels, scraper loaders, or backhoes.
  • Move materials over short distances, such as around a construction site, factory, or warehouse.
  • Observe hand signals, grade stakes, or other markings when operating machines so that work can be performed to specifications.
  • Operate machinery to perform activities such as backfilling excavations, vibrating or breaking rock or concrete, or making winter roads.
  • Perform manual labor to prepare or finish sites, such as shoveling materials by hand.
  • Receive written or oral instructions regarding material movement or excavation.
  • Set up or inspect equipment prior to operation.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Clean facilities or work areas.
  • Direct material handling or moving activities.
  • Inspect material-moving equipment to detect problems.
  • Maintain material moving equipment in good working condition.
  • Maintain professional knowledge or certifications.
  • Maintain work equipment or machinery.
  • Measure product or material dimensions.
  • Move materials, equipment, or supplies.
  • Operate excavation equipment.
  • Receive information or instructions for performing work assignments.
  • Shovel materials.
  • Signal others to coordinate vehicle movement.
  • Verify information or specifications.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Combat Engineer (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Crane Operator (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Damage Controlman (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Engineer Equipment Operator (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Equipment Operator (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Heavy Repair Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Horizontal Construction Engineer (Army - Enlisted)
  • Machinery Technician (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Material Maintenance Specialty (Coast Guard - Warrant Officer only)
  • Pavements and Construction Equipment (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Pavements and Construction Equipment Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Pavements and Construction Equipment Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Pavements and Construction Equipment Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Pavements and Construction Equipment Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Quarrying Specialist (RC) (Army - Enlisted)
  • Wheeled Vehicle Mechanic (Army - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Dragline Operator

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Coal-Equipment Operator
  • Dragline Operator
  • Harvester Operator
  • Mucking-Machine Operator
  • Power-Shovel Operator
  • Septic-Tank Installer
  • Stripping-Shovel Operator
  • Tower-Excavator Operator