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Clinical and Counseling Psychologists - 19-3033.00

The occupation code you requested, 19-3031.03 (Counseling Psychologists), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 19-3033.00 (Clinical and Counseling Psychologists) instead.

O*NET-SOC Description

Assess, diagnose, and treat mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests. Help individuals with distress or maladjustment understand their problems through their knowledge of case history, interviews with patients, and theory. Provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May design behavior modification programs and consult with medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

No information available.

SOC Occupation Groups

19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
19-3000 Social Scientists and Related Workers
19-3030 Psychologists
19-3033.00 Clinical and Counseling Psychologists

Related Occupations


  • Advise clients on how they could be helped by counseling.
  • Collect information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.
  • Conduct assessments of patients' risk for harm to self or others.
  • Conduct research to develop or improve diagnostic or therapeutic counseling techniques.
  • Consult reference material, such as textbooks, manuals, or journals, to identify symptoms, make diagnoses, or develop approaches to treatment.
  • Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.
  • Consult with other professionals, agencies, or universities to discuss therapies, treatments, counseling resources or techniques, and to share occupational information.
  • Counsel individuals, groups, or families to help them understand problems, deal with crisis situations, define goals, and develop realistic action plans.
  • Develop and implement individual treatment plans, specifying type, frequency, intensity, and duration of therapy.
  • Develop therapeutic and treatment plans based on clients' interests, abilities, or needs.
  • Develop, direct, and participate in training programs for staff and students.
  • Direct, coordinate, and evaluate activities of staff and interns engaged in patient assessment and treatment.
  • Document patient information including session notes, progress notes, recommendations, and treatment plans.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans or diagnoses as necessary.
  • Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, or reference materials.
  • Interact with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, or vocational development and adjustment.
  • Maintain current knowledge of relevant research.
  • Observe individuals at play, in group interactions, or in other contexts to detect indications of mental deficiency, abnormal behavior, or maladjustment.
  • Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
  • Plan and develop accredited psychological service programs in psychiatric centers or hospitals, in collaboration with psychiatrists and other professional staff.
  • Plan, supervise, and conduct psychological research and write papers describing research results.
  • Prepare written evaluations of individuals' psychological competence for court hearings.
  • Provide consulting services, including educational programs, outreach programs, or prevention talks to schools, social service agencies, businesses, or the general public.
  • Provide occupational, educational, or other information to individuals so that they can make educational or vocational plans.
  • Provide psychological or administrative services and advice to private firms or community agencies regarding mental health programs or individual cases.
  • Refer clients to other specialists, institutions, or support services as necessary.
  • Select, administer, score, and interpret psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, or personalities.
  • Supervise and train interns, clinicians in training, and other counselors.
  • Use a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, or play therapy.
  • Write reports on clients and maintain required paperwork.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Administer standardized physical or psychological tests.
  • Advise others on educational matters.
  • Advise others on healthcare matters.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to assess client needs or plan treatments.
  • Collect archival data.
  • Collect information from people through observation, interviews, or surveys.
  • Counsel clients on mental health or personal achievement.
  • Design psychological or educational treatment procedures or programs.
  • Develop educational programs.
  • Diagnose neural or psychological disorders.
  • Direct medical science or healthcare programs.
  • Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or educational programs.
  • Modify treatment plans to accommodate client needs.
  • Plan social sciences research.
  • Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
  • Record research or operational data.
  • Review professional literature to maintain professional knowledge.
  • Supervise trainees.
  • Supervise workers providing client or patient services.
  • Train staff members.
  • Write reports or evaluations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Aeromedical Evacuation (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Behavioral Health Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Behavioral Sciences (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist (Navy - Warrant Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Aviation Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Child and Adolescent Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Neuropsychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Health Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Operational Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychology (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Social Worker (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Health Services (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Laboratory Sciences (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Medical Service Corps Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Mental Health Nurse (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Mental Health Service (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Navy Counselor (Counselor) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Navy Counselor (Recruiter) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Nurse Corps Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Optometry (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Pharmacy (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Podiatry (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Preventive Medicine Sciences (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatric/Behavioral Health Nurse (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatrist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatrist (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatrist, Child Psychiatry (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatrist, Forensic Psychiatry (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Religious Affairs (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Program Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Research Psychology (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Social Work (Army - Commissioned Officer only)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Clinical Therapist
  • Psychologist, Chief
  • Psychologist, Counseling
  • Psychologist, Developmental
  • Psychologist, Experimental