Skip navigation

Mental Health Counselors - 21-1014.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. May help individuals deal with issues associated with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Behavior Analyst
  • Behavior Support Specialist (BSS)
  • Case Manager
  • Clinician
  • Correctional Counselor
  • Counselor
  • Mental Health Counselor
  • Mental Health Specialist
  • Mental Health Therapist
  • Therapist

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Act as client advocates to coordinate required services or to resolve emergency problems in crisis situations.
  • Assess patients for risk of suicide attempts.
  • Collaborate with other staff members to perform clinical assessments or develop treatment plans.
  • Collect information about clients through interviews, observation, or tests.
  • Coordinate or direct employee workshops, courses, or training about mental health issues.
  • Counsel clients or patients, individually or in group sessions, to assist in overcoming dependencies, adjusting to life, or making changes.
  • Counsel family members to assist them in understanding, dealing with, or supporting clients or patients.
  • Develop and implement treatment plans based on clinical experience and knowledge.
  • Discuss with individual patients their plans for life after leaving therapy.
  • Encourage clients to express their feelings and discuss what is happening in their lives, helping them to develop insight into themselves or their relationships.
  • Evaluate clients' physical or mental condition, based on review of client information.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling programs on clients' progress in resolving identified problems and moving towards defined objectives.
  • Fill out and maintain client-related paperwork, including federal- and state-mandated forms, client diagnostic records, and progress notes.
  • Gather information about community mental health needs or resources that could be used in conjunction with therapy.
  • Guide clients in the development of skills or strategies for dealing with their problems.
  • Learn about new developments in counseling by reading professional literature, attending courses and seminars, or establishing and maintaining contact with other social service agencies.
  • Maintain confidentiality of records relating to clients' treatment.
  • Meet with families, probation officers, police, or other interested parties to exchange necessary information during the treatment process.
  • Modify treatment activities or approaches as needed to comply with changes in clients' status.
  • Monitor clients' use of medications.
  • Perform crisis interventions with clients.
  • Plan or conduct programs to prevent substance abuse or improve community health or counseling services.
  • Plan, organize, or lead structured programs of counseling, work, study, recreation, or social activities for clients.
  • Prepare and maintain all required treatment records and reports.
  • Refer patients, clients, or family members to community resources or to specialists as necessary.
  • Supervise other counselors, social service staff, assistants, or graduate students.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Advocate for individual or community needs.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to assess client needs or plan treatments.
  • Collect information about clients.
  • Collect information about community health needs.
  • Complete documentation required by programs or regulations.
  • Confer with family members to discuss client treatment plans or progress.
  • Counsel clients or patients regarding personal issues.
  • Counsel clients or patients with substance abuse issues.
  • Counsel family members of clients or patients.
  • Develop treatment plans for patients or clients.
  • Develop working relationships with others to facilitate program activities.
  • Evaluate characteristics of individuals to determine needs or eligibility.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or educational programs.
  • Intervene in crisis situations to assist clients.
  • Interview clients to gather information about their backgrounds, needs, or progress.
  • Lead classes or community events.
  • Maintain client records.
  • Maintain professional social services knowledge.
  • Modify treatment plans to accommodate client needs.
  • Monitor clients to evaluate treatment progress.
  • Plan programs to address community health issues.
  • Plan programs to address community mental wellness needs.
  • Provide basic health care services.
  • Refer clients to community or social service programs.
  • Supervise workers providing client or patient services.
  • Teach life skills or strategies to clients or their families.
  • Train staff members in social services skills.
  • Write reports or evaluations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Clinical Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Aviation Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Child and Adolescent Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Neuropsychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Health Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychologist, Operational Psychologist (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Psychology (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Clinical Social Worker (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Mental Health Nurse (Air Force - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Mental Health Service (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Mental Health Service Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Nurse Corps Officer (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Psychiatric/Behavioral Health Nurse (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Religious Affairs (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Affairs Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Religious Program Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Social Work (Army - Commissioned Officer only)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Bereavement Counselor