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Photographers - 27-4021.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Photograph people, landscapes, merchandise, or other subjects. May use lighting equipment to enhance a subject's appearance. May use editing software to produce finished images and prints. Includes commercial and industrial photographers, scientific photographers, and photojournalists.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Advertising Photographer
  • Commercial Photographer
  • Graduation Photographer
  • Newspaper Photographer
  • Photo Editor
  • Photographer
  • Photojournalist
  • Portrait Photographer
  • Sports Photographer
  • Studio Photographer

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Adjust apertures, shutter speeds, and camera focus according to a combination of factors, such as lighting, field depth, subject motion, film type, and film speed.
  • Create artificial light, using flashes and reflectors.
  • Determine desired images and picture composition, selecting and adjusting subjects, equipment, and lighting to achieve desired effects.
  • Determine project goals, locations, and equipment needs by studying assignments and consulting with clients or advertising staff.
  • Develop and print exposed film, using chemicals, touch-up tools, and developing and printing equipment.
  • Develop visual aids and charts for use in lectures or to present evidence in court.
  • Direct activities of workers setting up photographic equipment.
  • Employ a variety of specialized photographic materials and techniques, including infrared and ultraviolet films, macro photography, photogrammetry and sensitometry.
  • Engage in research to develop new photographic procedures and materials.
  • Enhance, retouch, and resize photographs and negatives, using airbrushing and other techniques.
  • Estimate or measure light levels, distances, and numbers of exposures needed, using measuring devices and formulas.
  • License the use of photographs through stock photo agencies.
  • Load and unload film.
  • Manipulate and enhance scanned or digital images to create desired effects, using computers and specialized software.
  • Mount, frame, laminate, or lacquer finished photographs.
  • Perform general office duties, such as scheduling appointments, keeping books, and ordering supplies.
  • Perform maintenance tasks necessary to keep equipment working properly.
  • Photograph legal evidence at crime scenes, in hospitals, or in forensic laboratories.
  • Produce computer-readable, digital images from film, using flatbed scanners and photofinishing laboratories.
  • Review sets of photographs to select the best work.
  • Select and assemble equipment and required background properties, according to subjects, materials, and conditions.
  • Send film to photofinishing laboratories for processing.
  • Set up photographic exhibitions for the purpose of displaying and selling work.
  • Set up, mount, or install photographic equipment and cameras.
  • Take pictures of individuals, families, and small groups, either in studio or on location.
  • Test equipment prior to use to ensure that it is in good working order.
  • Transfer photographs to computers for editing, archiving, and electronic transmission.
  • Use traditional or digital cameras, along with a variety of equipment, such as tripods, filters, and flash attachments.
  • Write photograph captions.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Apply finishes to artwork, crafts, or displays.
  • Arrange artwork, products, or props.
  • Confer with clients to determine needs.
  • Construct distinctive physical objects for artistic, functional, or commercial purposes.
  • Convert data among multiple digital or analog formats.
  • Coordinate activities of production personnel.
  • Create computer-generated graphics or animation.
  • Determine technical requirements of productions or projects.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
  • Maintain recording or broadcasting equipment.
  • Maintain records, documents, or other files.
  • Obtain copyrights or other legal permissions.
  • Operate still or video cameras or related equipment.
  • Research new technologies.
  • Review art or design materials.
  • Select materials or props.
  • Set up still or video cameras or related equipment.
  • Write informational material.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Advanced Visual Information-Graphics Marine (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Advanced Visual Information-Photojournalism Marine (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Aerial Cameraman (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Biomedical Photography Technician (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Broadcaster (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Combat Graphics Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Combat Photographer (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Content Developer (Navy - Enlisted)
  • In-flight Technician (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Mass Communications Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Master Photojournalist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Multimedia Cameraman (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Photographer s Mate Tracking NEC (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Photographer's Mate (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Photographic Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Photojournalist (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist Apprentice, Photographer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist Helper, Photographer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Photojournalist Journeyman (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Manager (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Mass Communication Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Still Documentation Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Still Photographic Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Still Photography (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Still Photography Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Still Photography Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Still Photography Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Still Photography Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Unit Supply Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Visual Documentation Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Visual Information Equipment Operator-Maintainer (Army - Enlisted)
  • Visual Information Specialist (Army - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Photographer, Still

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Biological Photographer
  • Ophthalmic Photographer
  • Photo-Optics Technician
  • Photographer, Aerial
  • Photographer, Apprentice
  • Photographer, Finish
  • Photographer, Scientific
  • Photographer, Still
  • Photojournalist