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Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials - 27-2023.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Basketball Referee
  • Diving Judge
  • Dressage Judge
  • Football Referee
  • Horse Show Judge
  • Major League Baseball Umpire (MLB Umpire)
  • Referee
  • Soccer Referee
  • Softball Umpire
  • Sports Official

SOC Occupation Groups

Related Occupations


  • Compile scores and other athletic records.
  • Confer with other sporting officials, coaches, players, and facility managers to provide information, coordinate activities, and discuss problems.
  • Direct participants to assigned areas, such as starting blocks or penalty areas.
  • Inspect game sites for compliance with regulations or safety requirements.
  • Inspect sporting equipment or examine participants to ensure compliance with event and safety regulations.
  • Judge performances in sporting competitions to award points, impose scoring penalties, and determine results.
  • Keep track of event times, including race times and elapsed time during game segments, starting or stopping play when necessary.
  • Officiate at sporting events, games, or competitions, to maintain standards of play and to ensure that game rules are observed.
  • Report to regulating organizations regarding sporting activities, complaints made, and actions taken or needed, such as fines or other disciplinary actions.
  • Research and study players and teams to anticipate issues that might arise in future engagements.
  • Resolve claims of rule infractions or complaints by participants and assess any necessary penalties, according to regulations.
  • Signal participants or other officials to make them aware of infractions or to otherwise regulate play or competition.
  • Start races and competitions.
  • Teach and explain the rules and regulations governing a specific sport.
  • Verify credentials of participants in sporting events, and make other qualifying determinations, such as starting order or handicap number.
  • Verify scoring calculations before competition winners are announced.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Coach others.
  • Compile technical information or documentation.
  • Coordinate athletic or sporting events or activities.
  • Evaluate skills of athletes or performers.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards.
  • Inspect work sites to identify potential environmental or safety hazards.
  • Verify accuracy of data.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Physical Training Officer (Navy - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • Special Reconnaissance (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Reconnaissance Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Reconnaissance Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Reconnaissance Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Reconnaissance Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Special Reconnaissance Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Unit Supply Specialist (Army - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Clerk-of-Scales
  • Clocker
  • Handicapper, Harness Racing
  • Hoof and Shoe Inspector
  • Horse-Race Starter
  • Horse-Race Timer
  • Identifier, Horse
  • Kennel Manager, Dog Track
  • Marshal
  • Paddock Judge
  • Patrol Judge
  • Pit Steward
  • Racing Secretary and Handicapper
  • Receiving-Barn Custodian
  • Scoreboard Operator
  • Scorer
  • Starter
  • Steward, Racetrack
  • Umpire