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Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders - 51-3091.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Bean Roaster
  • Coffee Roaster
  • Line Operator
  • Machine Operator
  • Oven Operator
  • Oven Technician
  • Roast Master
  • Roaster
  • Roaster Operator
  • Roasterman

SOC Occupation Groups

51-0000 Production Occupations
51-3000 Food Processing Workers
51-3090 Miscellaneous Food Processing Workers
51-3091.00 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

Related Occupations


  • Clean equipment with steam, hot water, and hoses.
  • Clear or dislodge blockages in bins, screens, or other equipment, using poles, brushes, or mallets.
  • Dump sugar dust from collectors into melting tanks and add water to reclaim sugar lost during processing.
  • Fill or remove product from trays, carts, hoppers, or equipment, using scoops, peels, or shovels, or by hand.
  • Install equipment, such as spray units, cutting blades, or screens, using hand tools.
  • Observe flow of materials and listen for machine malfunctions, such as jamming or spillage, and notify supervisors if corrective actions fail.
  • Observe temperature, humidity, pressure gauges, and product samples and adjust controls, such as thermostats and valves, to maintain prescribed operating conditions for specific stages.
  • Observe, feel, taste, or otherwise examine products during and after processing to ensure conformance to standards.
  • Open valves, gates, or chutes or use shovels to load or remove products from ovens or other equipment.
  • Operate or tend equipment that roasts, bakes, dries, or cures food items such as cocoa and coffee beans, grains, nuts, and bakery products.
  • Push racks or carts to transfer products to storage, cooling stations, or the next stage of processing.
  • Read work orders to determine quantities and types of products to be baked, dried, or roasted.
  • Record production data, such as weight and amount of product processed, type of product, and time and temperature of processing.
  • Set temperature and time controls, light ovens, burners, driers, or roasters, and start equipment, such as conveyors, cylinders, blowers, driers, or pumps.
  • Signal coworkers to synchronize flow of materials.
  • Smooth out products in bins, pans, trays, or conveyors, using rakes or shovels.
  • Start conveyors to move roasted grain to cooling pans and agitate grain with rakes as blowers force air through perforated bottoms of pans.
  • Take product samples during or after processing for laboratory analyses.
  • Test products for moisture content, using moisture meters.
  • Weigh or measure products, using scale hoppers or scale conveyors.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
  • Clear equipment jams.
  • Collect samples of materials or products for testing.
  • Evaluate quality of food ingredients or prepared foods.
  • Feed materials or products into or through equipment.
  • Inspect food products.
  • Load materials into production equipment.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Monitor instruments to ensure proper production conditions.
  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
  • Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas.
  • Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
  • Operate cooking, baking, or other food preparation equipment.
  • Operate pumping systems or equipment.
  • Position raw materials on processing or production equipment.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
  • Record operational or production data.
  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
  • Signal others to coordinate work activities.
  • Sterilize food cooking or processing equipment.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
  • Weigh finished products.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Culinary Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Culinary Specialist (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Culinary Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Culinary Specialist (Submarine) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Food Service Specialist (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Submarine Culinary Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Bone-Char Kiln Operator
  • Cocoa-Bean Roaster I
  • Coffee Roaster
  • Coffee Roaster, Continuous Process
  • Corn Popper
  • Curing-Bin Operator
  • Dehydrator Tender
  • Drier Attendant
  • Drier Operator
  • Drier Operator, Drum
  • Drier Tender
  • Drier Tender I
  • Drier, Belt Conveyor
  • Drier, Long Goods
  • Drum Drier
  • Firer, Kiln
  • Fish Smoker
  • Grain Drier
  • Grain-Drier Operator
  • Grain-Wafer-Machine Operator
  • Granulator Operator
  • Gunner
  • Instantizer Operator
  • Kiln Operator, Malt House
  • Malt Roaster
  • Nut Roaster
  • Oven Operator
  • Oven Operator, Automatic
  • Oven Tender
  • Pretzel Cooker
  • Pulp-Drier Firer
  • Redrying-Machine Operator
  • Roaster, Grain
  • Smoker
  • Steam-Oven Operator
  • Sugar Drier
  • Tobacco Curer
  • Tobacco-Drier Operator
  • Vacuum Drier Operator
  • Wafer-Machine Operator
  • Wine Pasteurizer