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Etchers and Engravers - 51-9194.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Acid Etch Operator
  • Award Machine Operator
  • Chemical Engraver
  • Electronic Engraver
  • Engraver
  • Etcher
  • Laser Engraver
  • Photo Engraver
  • Screen Making Technician
  • Wet Process Technician

SOC Occupation Groups

51-0000 Production Occupations
51-9000 Other Production Occupations
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers
51-9194.00 Etchers and Engravers

Related Occupations


  • Adjust depths and sizes of cuts by adjusting heights of worktables, or by adjusting machine-arm gauges.
  • Brush or wipe acid over engraving to darken or highlight inscriptions.
  • Carve designs and letters onto metal for transfer to other surfaces.
  • Clean and polish engraved areas.
  • Cut outlines of impressions with gravers, and remove excess material with knives.
  • Determine machine settings, and move bars or levers to reproduce designs on rollers or plates.
  • Engrave and print patterns, designs, etchings, trademarks, or lettering onto flat or curved surfaces of a wide variety of metal, glass, plastic, or paper items, using hand tools or hand-held power tools.
  • Examine engraving for quality of cut, burrs, rough spots, and irregular or incomplete engraving.
  • Examine sketches, diagrams, samples, blueprints, or photographs to decide how designs are to be etched, cut, or engraved onto workpieces.
  • Expose workpieces to acid to develop etch patterns such as designs, lettering, or figures.
  • Fill etched characters with opaque paste to improve readability.
  • Guide stylus over template, causing cutting tool to duplicate design or letters on workpiece.
  • Insert cutting tools or bits into machines and secure them with wrenches.
  • Inspect etched work for depth of etching, uniformity, and defects, using calibrated microscopes, gauges, fingers, or magnifying lenses.
  • Measure and compute dimensions of lettering, designs, or patterns to be engraved.
  • Neutralize workpieces to remove acid, wax, or enamel, using water, solvents, brushes, or specialized machines.
  • Observe actions of cutting tools through microscopes and adjust stylus movement to ensure accurate reproduction.
  • Position and clamp workpieces, plates, or rollers in holding fixtures.
  • Prepare etching chemicals according to formulas, diluting acid with water to obtain solutions of specified concentration.
  • Prepare workpieces for etching or engraving by cutting, sanding, cleaning, polishing, or treating them with wax, acid resist, lime, etching powder, or light-sensitive enamel.
  • Print proofs or examine designs to verify accuracy of engraving, and rework engraving as required.
  • Remove completed workpieces and place them in trays.
  • Remove wax or tape from etched glassware by using a stylus or knife, or by immersing ware in hot water.
  • Sandblast exposed areas of glass to cut designs in surfaces, using spray guns.
  • Select and insert required templates into pattern frames beneath the stylus of a machine cutting tool or router.
  • Set reduction scales to attain specified sizes of reproduction on workpieces, and set pantograph controls for required heights, depths, and widths of cuts.
  • Sketch, trace, or scribe layout lines and designs on workpieces, plates, dies, or rollers, using compasses, scribers, gravers, or pencils.
  • Start machines and lower cutting tools to beginning points on patterns.
  • Transfer image to workpiece, using contact printer, pantograph stylus, silkscreen printing device, or stamp pad.
  • Use computer software to design patterns for engraving.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products.
  • Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
  • Design templates or patterns.
  • Determine production equipment settings.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products.
  • Fill cracks, imperfections, or holes in products or workpieces.
  • Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions.
  • Inspect finishes of workpieces or finished products.
  • Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality.
  • Measure materials to mark reference points, cutting lines, or other indicators.
  • Mix substances to create chemical solutions.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed.
  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
  • Operate cutting equipment.
  • Operate equipment to print images or bind printed images together.
  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products.
  • Position patterns on equipment, materials, or workpieces.
  • Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
  • Select production equipment according to product specifications.
  • Set equipment controls to meet cutting specifications.
  • Trim excess material from workpieces.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Allied Trades Specialist (Army - Enlisted)
  • Machinery Repairman Apprentice (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Machinery Repairman Journeyman (Navy - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

  • Engraver (Glass Prod)
  • Engraver I
  • Engraver, Block (Prt & Pub)
  • Engraver, Hand, Hard Metal
  • Engraver, Hand, Soft Metal
  • Engraver, Pantograph I
  • Engraver, Picture (Prt&Pub)
  • Roller Engraver Hand
  • Siderographer (Print & Pub)
  • Sketch Maker Ii (Print & Pub)

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Bowling-Ball Engraver
  • Die Maker
  • Engraver
  • Engraver Apprentice, Decorative
  • Engraver I
  • Engraver II
  • Engraver, Block
  • Engraver, Hand, Hard Metals
  • Engraver, Hand, Soft Metals
  • Engraver, Machine I
  • Engraver, Machine II
  • Engraver, Pantograph I
  • Engraver, Pantograph II
  • Engraver, Picture
  • Engraver, Rubber
  • Engraver, Seals
  • Etched-Circuit Processor
  • Etcher
  • Etcher, Hand
  • Glass Calibrator
  • Glass Decorator
  • Internal Carver
  • Music Engraver
  • Optical-Glass Etcher
  • Roller Engraver, Hand
  • Siderographer
  • Silk-Screen Etcher
  • Sketch Maker II