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Educational, Guidance, and Career Counselors and Advisors - 21-1012.00

O*NET-SOC Description

Advise and assist students and provide educational and vocational guidance services.

Sample of Reported Job Titles

  • Academic Advisor
  • Academic Counselor
  • Admissions Counselor
  • Career Counselor
  • College Counselor
  • Guidance Counselor
  • School Adjustment Counselor
  • School Counselor
  • Student Development Advisor
  • Student Services Coordinator

SOC Occupation Groups

21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations
21-1000 Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists
21-1010 Counselors
21-1012.00 Educational, Guidance, and Career Counselors and Advisors

Related Occupations


  • Address community groups, faculty, and staff members to explain available counseling services.
  • Assess needs for assistance, such as rehabilitation, financial aid, or additional vocational training, and refer clients to the appropriate services.
  • Attend meetings, educational conferences, and training workshops, and serve on committees.
  • Collaborate with teachers and administrators in the development, evaluation, and revision of school programs and in the preparation of master schedules for curriculum offerings.
  • Compile and study occupational, educational, and economic information to assist counselees in determining and carrying out vocational and educational objectives.
  • Conduct follow-up interviews with counselees to determine if their needs have been met.
  • Confer with parents or guardians, teachers, administrators, and other professionals to discuss children's progress, resolve behavioral, academic, and other problems, and to determine priorities for students and their resource needs.
  • Counsel individuals to help them understand and overcome personal, social, or behavioral problems affecting their educational or vocational situations.
  • Counsel students regarding educational issues, such as course and program selection, class scheduling and registration, school adjustment, truancy, study habits, and career planning.
  • Establish and enforce administration policies and rules governing student behavior.
  • Establish and supervise peer-counseling and peer-tutoring programs.
  • Establish contacts with employers to create internship and employment opportunities for students.
  • Evaluate students' or individuals' abilities, interests, and personality characteristics, using tests, records, interviews, or professional sources.
  • Identify cases of domestic abuse or other family problems and encourage students or parents to seek additional assistance from mental health professionals.
  • Instruct individuals in career development techniques, such as job search and application strategies, resume writing, and interview skills.
  • Interview clients to obtain information about employment history, educational background, and career goals, and to identify barriers to employment.
  • Maintain accurate and complete student records as required by laws, district policies, and administrative regulations.
  • Observe students during classroom and play activities to evaluate students' performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.
  • Plan and conduct orientation programs and group conferences to promote the adjustment of individuals to new life experiences, such as starting college.
  • Plan and promote career and employment-related programs and events, such as career planning presentations, work experience programs, job fairs, and career workshops.
  • Plan, direct, and participate in recruitment and enrollment activities.
  • Prepare reports on students and activities as required by administration.
  • Prepare students for later educational experiences by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
  • Provide crisis intervention to students when difficult situations occur at schools.
  • Provide disabled students with assistive devices, supportive technology, and assistance accessing facilities, such as restrooms.
  • Provide information for teachers and staff members involved in helping students or graduates identify and pursue employment opportunities.
  • Provide special services such as alcohol and drug prevention programs and classes that teach students to handle conflicts without resorting to violence.
  • Provide students with information on topics such as college degree programs and admission requirements, financial aid opportunities, trade and technical schools, and apprenticeship programs.
  • Refer qualified counselees to employers or employment services for job placement.
  • Refer students to degree programs based on interests, aptitudes, or educational assessments.
  • Review transcripts to ensure that students meet graduation or college entrance requirements, and write letters of recommendation.
  • Sponsor extracurricular activities, such as clubs, student organizations, and academic contests.
  • Supervise, train, and direct professional staff and interns.
  • Teach classes and present self-help or information sessions on subjects related to education and career planning.

Detailed Work Activities

  • Advise others on social or educational issues.
  • Assess individual or community needs for educational or social services.
  • Assist clients in handling details of daily life.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to assess client needs or plan treatments.
  • Collaborate with other professionals to develop education or assistance programs.
  • Complete documentation required by programs or regulations.
  • Confer with family members to discuss client treatment plans or progress.
  • Counsel clients or patients regarding personal issues.
  • Counsel clients regarding educational or vocational issues.
  • Counsel clients regarding interpersonal issues.
  • Develop educational policies.
  • Develop educational programs.
  • Develop working relationships with others to facilitate program activities.
  • Evaluate characteristics of individuals to determine needs or eligibility.
  • Evaluate potential problems in home or work environments of clients.
  • Intervene in crisis situations to assist clients.
  • Interview clients to gather information about their backgrounds, needs, or progress.
  • Lead classes or community events.
  • Maintain professional social services knowledge.
  • Plan programs to address community mental wellness needs.
  • Present social services program information to the public.
  • Promote educational institutions or programs.
  • Refer clients to community or social service programs.
  • Refer individuals to educational or work programs.
  • Supervise workers providing client or patient services.
  • Teach life skills or strategies to clients or their families.
  • Train staff members in social services skills.
  • Write reports or evaluations.

Military Crosswalk Titles

  • Academy Military Training NCO (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Army Reserve Career Counselor (Army Reserve) (Army - Enlisted)
  • Career Counselor (Army - Enlisted)
  • Career Planner (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Career Prior Service Recruiter (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Career Recruiter (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Career Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Certified Navy Coach Level 2 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Certified Navy Coach Level 3 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Certified Navy Coach Level 4 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Certified Navy Coach Level 5 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Chief Career Counselor (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Civil Affairs (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Civil Affairs Officer Special Operations (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Civil Affairs, Designated (Army - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Command Career Counselor (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Credentialed Navy Coach Level 2 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Credentialed Navy Coach Level 3 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Credentialed Navy Coach Level 4 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Credentialed Navy Coach Level 5 (Navy - Enlisted)
  • CWO - Ship's Clerk (Navy - Warrant Officer only)
  • Development Advisor (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training Apprentice (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training Craftsman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training Helper (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education and Training Journeyman (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training Manager (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Education And Training Superintendent (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Enlisted Accessions Recruiter (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Enlisted Professional Military Education Instructional System Designer (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Formal School Instructor (Marine Corps - Enlisted)
  • Formal School Officer Instructor (Marine Corps - Commissioned or Warrant Officer)
  • LDO - Administration (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Navy Counselor (Counselor) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Navy Counselor (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Navy Counselor (Recruiter) (Navy - Enlisted)
  • Personnel Administration Specialty (Coast Guard - Warrant Officer only)
  • Professional Military Education Instructor (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Public Affairs Specialist (Coast Guard - Enlisted)
  • Public Information Specialty (Coast Guard - Warrant Officer only)
  • Recruiting and Retention NCO (Army National Guard of the United States) (Army - Enlisted)
  • Religious Program Specialist (Navy - Enlisted)
  • RL - Special Duty - Foreign Area Officer, Qualified (Navy - Commissioned Officer only)
  • Talent Management Consultant (Air Force - Enlisted)
  • Yeoman (Coast Guard - Enlisted)

Apprenticeship Crosswalk Titles

No information available.

DOT Crosswalk Titles

  • Counselor
  • Counselor, Nurses' Association
  • Director of Counseling
  • Director of Guidance in Public Schools
  • Employment Training Specialist
  • Foreign-Student Adviser
  • Residence Counselor
  • Supervisor, Special Services
  • Veterans Contact Representative